多読教材#20 US Bans Huawei, ZTE Telecom Equipment on Data-Security Risk「ファーウェイ、ZTEの機器がアメリカでの販売が禁止に」【TikTokの禁止も間近か】


Hey. Fukuoka English GymのOkadaです。






Article (記事)

US Bans Huawei, ZTE Telecom Equipment on Data-Security Risk


Number of Words

618 words

黙読3m05s で読み切れればスピードリーディングスキル(速読力)十分。


US Bans Huawei, ZTE Telecom Equipment on Data-Security Risk

By Todd Shields November 26, 2022 at 4:31 AM GMT+9Updated on

Huawei Technologies Co. and ZTE Corp. were banned from selling electronics in the US by regulators who say they pose a security risk, continuing a years-long effort to limit the reach of Chinese telecommunications companies into US networks.

The Federal Communications Commission, in an order released Friday, also named connected-camera providers Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co. and Dahua Technology Co., as well as two-way radio maker Hytera Communications Corp.

“The FCC is committed to protecting our national security by ensuring that untrustworthy communications equipment is not authorized for use within our borders, and we are continuing that work here,” Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel said in a news release. “These new rules are an important part of our ongoing actions to protect the American people from national security threats involving telecommunications.”

Earlier: FCC proposes ban on Chinese surveillance cameras

In the 4-0 vote, the FCC concluded the products pose a risk to data security. Past efforts to curb Chinese access include export controls to cut off key, sophisticated equipment and software. Recently US officials have weighed restrictions on TikTok over fears Chinese authorities could access US user data via the video sharing app.

‘Culminating Action’

“This is a culminating action,” said Klon Kitchen, a senior fellow at the Washington-based American Enterprise Institute, a public-policy think tank. “Things that began under Trump are now being carried out. The Biden administration is continuing to turn the screws on these companies because the threat isn’t changing.”

In an email response, Hikvision said its video security products “present no security threat to the United States and there is no technical or legal justification for the Federal Communications Commission’s decision.” The company said the ruling will “make it more harmful and more expensive for US small businesses, local authorities, school districts, and individual consumers to protect themselves, their homes, businesses and property.”

Huawei declined to comment, while Dahua, Hytera and ZTE didn’t respond to emails sent outside normal business hours in China.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian urged the US to stop what he described as an attempt to politicize and weaponize economic, trade and science technology issues. “What the US has done is another example of abusing the concept of national security, using state power to hobble Chinese companies,” Zhao told a regular news briefing Monday.  

The looming FCC move didn’t come up in the bilateral meeting between US President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping in Indonesia last week, a US official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. Biden did discuss technology issues more broadly with Xi and was clear that the US will continue to take action to protect its national security, the official said.

“This is the death knell for all of them for their US operations,” said Conor Healy, director of government research for the Bethlehem, Pennsylvania-based surveillance research group IPVM.  “They won’t be able to introduce any new products into the US.” 

Most Exposed

Dahua and Hikvision stand to be affected most since their cameras are widely used, often by government agencies with many facilities to monitor, Healy said. Agencies including police also use handheld Hytera radios, he said.

In its order, the FCC also asked for comment on whether to revoke existing equipment authorization, Rosenworcel said in an online statement.

According to Healy, merchants could be stuck with gear that’s illegal to sell.

In 2018, Congress voted to stop federal agencies from buying gear from the five companies named by the FCC. The agency said earlier that the companies aren’t eligible to receive federal subsidies, and also has barred Chinese phone companies from doing business in the US.

The order released Friday was required under a bill Biden signed in November 2021, the agency said.



curb Chinese access「中国のアクセスを抑制する
culminating action「最終的なアクション」
・eligible 「適格な」




・中国のHuawei[ファーウェイ]とZTE[中興通訊]がアメリカでの通信機器販売の禁止が決定された。アメリカ連邦通信委員会は、Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology[杭州海康威視数字技術(ハイクビジョン)]とDahua Technology[浙江大華技術(ダーファ・テクノロジー)]、Hytera Communications[海能達通信(ハイテラ)]とともに、中国の合計5企業に禁止命令の決定をした。











これに先立って、アメリカ連邦通信委員会は2022年6月にApp Store(AppleとGoogle)にアメリカでのTikTokアプリの削除要請をしています。

Okada's Opinion





検閲の国にとって利点は、中国政府が国民感情をコントロールしやすくなることでしょう。国際情勢において中国にとってマイナスの情報は事前に遮断してネット検索に出てこないわけですから、例えば、日中間の領土争いといったような問題も、中国国民にとっては日本が悪という感情を持ちやすくなるんですよね。国としては都合がよいですし、うまくいけば、統制がとれた国 --> より平和な国になるのかもしれません。

中国、北朝鮮、キューバといった社会主義国は一見国民全員が平等 = 幸せ、と図式を目指していますが、実際はどの国を見ても貧富の格差はものすごく、言論統制もあり、中国を除いては経済状態が悪いですね。